This section explains the steps taken from the time Britain declared, in 1968, its intention to withdraw from the Gulf in 1971.
Agreements and photographs displayed document the sequence of events leading up to the formation of the federation.
One of the most important agreements was the agreement of the union between Abu Dhabi and Dubai signed by HH Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan and HH Sheikh Rashid bin Said Al Maktoum on February 18th 1968. This was considered the pioneering step that encouraged, in the same year, the Rulers of the other Emirates to join and participate in the proposed union known as the Union of Arab Emirates, which included the seven Trucial States as well as Bahrain and Qatar. Later Bahrain and Qatar were to declare their separate independence.
On December 2nd 1971 the United Arab Emirates was formed consisting of six of the Emirates; Ras al Khaimah joined two months later. On the same date, the Treaty of Friendship was signed between the United Arab Emirates and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
The Provisional Constitution of the UAE, which came into force in 1971, can be seen in part in the display case. The Constitution became permanent in 1996.
The UAE became a member of the Arab League and the United Nations as well as other major organizations and was recognized on the world stage as a reliable partner in international politics and economics.